Category Archives: World

Turkish opposition to NATO membership by Sweden and Finland has been lifted

In the midst of Europe’s worst security crisis in decades, sparked by the conflict in Ukraine, Turkey agreed Tuesday to suspend its objections to Sweden and Finland joining NATO.

Alliance Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg claimed that “we now have an agreement that sets the path for Finland and Sweden to join NATO” after urgent top-level negotiations with presidents of the three nations. He referred to it as “a historic choice.”

Russian President Vladimir Putin’s armed incursion into the Ukrainian territory has led Sweden and Finland to renounce their nonaligned status and seek protection from a more aggressive and unpredictable Russia, which shares a lengthy border with Finland. An attack on one member of NATO is considered an attack on all members, and as a result, the entire alliance is obliged to respond militarily.

The NATO summit in Spain

Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan, Finnish President Sauli Niinisto and Sweden Prime Minister Magdalena Andersson, Turkish Foreign Minister Mevlut Cavusoglu, Finnish Foreign Minister Pekka Haavisto and Sweden’s Foreign Minister Ann Linde sign a memorandum in which Turkey agrees to Finland and Sweden’s membership in the defence alliance in Madrid, Spain.

As NATO is a consensus-based organisation, Turkish President Recep Tayyp Erdogan has vowed to block the Nordic duo, insisting they change their attitude on Kurdish rebel groups that Turkey considers terrorist.

Finland’s President Sauli Niinistö said the three presidents had signed a comprehensive agreement on Tuesday after weeks of negotiation and hours of talks.

When it comes to fighting the insurgents, Turkey claims to have “received what it wanted,” including “complete collaboration.”

A formal invitation will be sent on Wednesday by the leaders of the 30-nation alliance, according to Stoltenberg. He said he was “very convinced” that Finland and Sweden would join, and that could happen within months if they all ratify the decision.

Andersson noted that the agreement was a good step forward for Sweden “Finland and Sweden would benefit from this. In addition, it benefits NATO.”

Complete the membership process as soon as possible, she said.

“But this needs to be approved by 30 parliaments, and you never know,” Andersson told the Associated Press.

The Kurdistan Workers’ Party, or PKK, and its Syrian branch were among the groups that Ankara deemed dangers to national security, and the Nordic nations’ agreement was heralded as a win by Ankara on Tuesday. On the issue of extraditing terrorist convicts, they also agreed “not to impose embargo restrictions in the sector of defence industry” on Turkey.

Following Turkey’s 2019 military invasion into northeast Syria, arms embargoes imposed by Finland and Sweden have been lifted at Turkey’s request.

At the Madrid Summit in 2022, Turkey decided to “support the invitation of Finland and Sweden to become members of NATO.”

Specifics of the agreement were vague. It’s “worrying” that Sweden isn’t disclosing what assurances it has given Erdogan, an independent Swedish legislator of Kurdish descent on whose support the government requires for a majority in Parliament.

Suggestions were brushed aside by Andersson. It was too much for Sweden and Finland to give up.

When asked if the deal will be seen as a compromise by the Swedish public on topics like the extradition of Kurdish militants who are considered terrorists by Ankara, Andersson stated “they will understand that this is important for the security of Sweden.”

A “crucial step” was taken by the three countries, according to US President Joe Biden.

A senior administration official claimed the United States did not provide any concessions to Turkey in order to persuade it to accept a deal. The person stated that the US played a critical role in helping bring the two parties closer together, and Biden spoke with Erdogan on Tuesday morning at the request of Sweden and Finland to help promote the negotiations.

At the start of a major summit that would shape the trajectory of the alliance for the coming years, Russia’s invasion of Ukraine dominated discussions. King Felipe VI of Spain hosted a banquet for world leaders in the Royal Palace of Madrid, built in the late 18th century, to officially start off the summit.

Wednesday and Thursday’s meeting agendas will focus primarily on bolstering Russia’s defences and helping Ukraine.

The Russian invasion of Europe on February 24 rattled European security, bringing shelling of towns and brutal ground combat back to Europe. Once again, NATO has been forced to confront a hostile Russia that had begun to shift its attention to terrorism and other non-state concerns.

NATO is “as united and energised as I think we have ever been,” Vice President Joe Biden said in an interview.

As a sobering reminder of the war’s tragedies, Russian missiles struck a Kremenchuk shopping mall on Monday. Some interpreted the timing as a message from Moscow, coming as it did immediately before the G-7 summit and right before the NATO summit in Germany.

President Volodymyr Zelenskyy, who will meet NATO leaders via video on Wednesday, referred to the mall attack as a “terrorist” incident.

In an effort to persuade the coalition to help Ukraine with “whatever it takes” in order to end the conflict, Kyiv Mayor Vitali Klitschko flew to Madrid.

“You need to wake up. NOW is the time to act. You’ll be the next victim; this will arrive at your doorstep in an instant “In an interview with reporters on-site at the summit, Klitschko revealed as much.

As a result of a “more hazardous and unpredictable world,” Stoltenberg said, the meeting will lay out a roadmap for the alliance. “We have to invest more in our defence,” Stoltenberg said. The NATO defence spending target of 2% of GDP is only met by nine countries out of NATO’s 30 members. The meeting is being held in Spain, which spends about half that amount.

NATO allies will agree at the summit to raise the alliance’s fast reaction force nearly eightfold, from 40,000 to 300,000 troops, said Stoltenberg on Monday. The troops will be based in their home nations, but dedicated to specific countries on NATO’s eastern flank, where the alliance plans to build up stocks of equipment and ammunition.

Under the surface, NATO members are divided over how the conflict will be resolved and what sacrifices Ukraine should make to stop the conflict.

NATO’s new Strategic Concept — its once-in-a-decade set of priorities and goals — also has divisions on how tough it should be on China. There was no mention of China at all in the final agreement, which was published in 2010.

As China’s economic and military might grows, so does the Indo-Pacific region’s importance and influence. The new NATO concept is intended to lay out NATO’s stance to these concerns, as well as others like cybersecurity and climate change. Japan, Australia, South Korea and New Zealand’s leaders are attending the summit as guests for the first time.

Some European nations are concerned about the aggressive U.S. stance on Beijing and do not want China to be characterised as an adversary.

According to NATO’s Strategic Concept, Russia will be the organization’s top threat.

An official satellite map of Madrid, the White House and Pentagon as well as the embassy buildings in London and Paris was released by Russia’s Roscosmos ahead of this week’s G20 summit in order to help attendees plan their travel.

To be prepared “just in case,” the outlet reported NATO was planning to declare Russia an enemy at the conference.

What would it mean if the US Supreme Court overturns Roe v. Wade?

A draft of that opinion was released by the news outlet Politico in May, and with it, the indication that the court was likely to reverse previous rulings. Doing so would give lawmakers the green light to aggressively limit or ban abortion. The draft is not final and could undergo significant changes before the court’s formal opinion is published. In the meantime, however, CNN readers have asked hundreds of questions about what a reversal of the Supreme Court’s abortion rights precedents would mean and how it would affect access to the procedure. We read as many as we can and answer some of the most popular questions here.

Does the Supreme Court actually strike down the law or does it just say that the decision belongs to the law of each state?

The Supreme Court, if it adopts the draft opinion, will overturn previous court precedent that preempted state laws that prohibit abortion before the fetus is viable, a point around 23 weeks of pregnancy. By overturning the decisions in Roe v. Wade and Casey v. Planned Parenthood, the Supreme Court would allow states to pursue bans and other restrictions on abortion prior to viability.

However, such a decision will not have the effect of banning abortion throughout the country. According to the logic expressed in the draft decision (and with the caveat that it can still be changed before the final opinion is issued), the question of abortion policy would then go to state and local legislators, and possibly also to federal legislators.

Roe v. Wade

Will women be arrested for having abortions if the Supreme Court deems it illegal?

The criminal liability of an abortion seeker will depend on the abortion policies her state implements if Roe is struck down by the Supreme Court. Leaders of the anti-abortion movement have said in the past that women should not be prosecuted for having an abortion and that criminal laws prohibiting it should be directed at abortion providers or others who facilitate the procedure. Several states with abortion bans that could go into effect with a Roe reversal have language exempting the woman who obtained the abortion from prosecution, but a Wyoming abortion ban seems to confuse this question with its reference to the “pregnant woman ” in the relevant code.

There is also nothing to prevent lawmakers from passing laws requiring the prosecution of people who seek abortions. A state legislator in Louisiana recently proposed a bill that would charge women with murder for having abortions, though that bill failed. Critics of the anti-abortion movement also point out that even with Roe on the books, women have been prosecuted for pregnancies that ended in miscarriage or stillbirth.

What methods do legislators propose to enforce these laws? What can they legally do to find out if someone is pregnant?

The state abortion bans that will go into effect with a reversal of Roe do not spell out specific enforcement tactics. How far local prosecutors will go to enforce abortion restrictions is an unanswered question.

Before Roe, how aggressively abortion bans were enforced often depended on the political environment, including the local environment in which prosecutors navigated. Now, some prosecutors in Democratic-leaning jurisdictions are vowing not to file criminal charges under the abortion restrictions that will go into effect with the new Supreme Court opinion.

The information that prosecutors will seek from health care providers to enforce abortion bans IS a major concern for reproductive rights advocates. HIPAA protections that normally protect a person’s health information from disclosure have exceptions for certain law enforcement contexts that may come into play if Roe is struck down. Similarly, there is concern that data that can be obtained from an abortion seeker’s digital devices could be used to determine whether abortion was performed. That could include information about her menstrual cycle on a period tracker app, some fear, or search terms she uses to search the internet.

The Mississippi law in question prohibits abortion beginning 15 weeks after the last menstrual period. If the Supreme Court allows this law to stand, will it then be legal to ban abortion earlier in pregnancy? Will it be possible for states to ban drug-induced first-trimester abortions, which are the most common? Many states appear poised to do so.

If the leaked draft opinion were adopted, not only would Mississippi’s 15-week ban be upheld, but states, and potentially the federal government, could ban abortion earlier in pregnancy, including medication-induced abortion. during the first trimester. More than a dozen states have so-called “trigger laws,” under which abortion bans would be implemented if the Supreme Court strikes down Roe, and several more have other types of bans that could go into effect with the reversal of earlier precedent. of the Supreme Court.

But until the court issues its final opinion, we won’t know for sure how aggressively states will be allowed to restrict abortion under the court’s new precedent.

In case of rape or incest or even pregnancy of minors under, say, 14 years old, where does the law stand for these people if Roe v Wade is overturned?

If Roe is struck down, exemptions on abortion bans for rape, incest, or maternal health will vary from state to state. In the wave of limits on abortion that state legislatures recently passed in anticipation of the Supreme Court ruling, only some of the proposals included exemptions for rape and incest.

Roe v. Wade1

It’s a question lawmakers will likely revisit once the Supreme Court ruling is issued, assuming it overturns Roe. As he previewed plans to call a special legislative session once the opinion is out, South Carolina’s Republican governor, Henry McMaster, said he opposed exemptions for rape or incest. The six-week ban he signed into law last year, which is currently blocked by court order, included those exemptions.

On the other hand, Republican Arkansas Governor Asa Hutchinson told CNN in May that he supported adding rape and incest exemptions to the trigger law currently on the state’s books.

How are in vitro fertilizations defined? If a state defines the fertilized egg as a human being with rights, then if a doctor fertilizes four eggs, but [does not] implant all four in a woman, is that homicide?

What a Roe reversal would mean for fertility treatments is huge uncertainty. Doctors and legal experts in the field are currently grappling with state abortion policies that frame their laws around the moment of fertilization when the egg has joined the sperm.

Some of those state laws have language that appears to exempt the disposal of unused embryos created for IVF (In Vitro Fertilization), but that language does not necessarily exempt the selective reduction process when a woman whose fertility treatments lead to multiple pregnancies has one or more of those fetuses terminated to protect the viability of the other fetuses and/or the health of the mother. More broadly, fertility law experts express concern about how a reversal of Roe will encourage lawmakers to regulate IVF procedures, which have been largely shielded from the abortion debate because of Roe’s protections.

If the current strongly conservative Supreme Court can overturn Roe v. Wade, which has been on the books for decades, what will stop a future strongly liberal court from overturning this current decision against Roe v. Wade, say, 20 years from now?

Technically, there is nothing to prevent a Supreme Court from reviewing abortion precedent, and a court with a more liberal composition might very well do so. However, one reason a future liberal Supreme Court majority might be unwilling to change important precedent again is if those justices feel more allegiance to the principle of stare decisis .— the legal principle that discourages the overturning of precedents unless certain conditions are met — than the loyalty the conservative majority has shown ready to revert to Roe. (This respect for precedence, for example, is why Chief Justice John Roberts voted in 2020 to strike down a Louisiana abortion clinic regulation after he dissented in a 2016 case in which the majority struck down a similar Texas law).

Can the right to abortion be codified by a national vote?

Not directly. If the Supreme Court says that the Constitution does not guarantee the right to abortion, a constitutional amendment could be enacted to extend that right. But the process of amending the US Constitution begins with a proposal that has the support of two-thirds of both houses of Congress or a convention called by two-thirds of the states. Ratification of an amendment requires the support of three-fourths of the state legislatures or three-fourths of the conventions in each state.

Why doesn’t the currently Democrat-controlled legislature pass a federal law legalizing abortion? This would make the decision of the Supreme Court, not an issue.

Democrats currently lack the votes to dismantle Senate filibustering, a 60-vote procedural mechanism that Republicans can use to block federal abortion rights legislation, as long as 40 senators oppose it. But it’s worth noting that the Women’s Health Protection Act, a bill that would codify and expand Roe, failed 49-51 when it was voted on in the Senate in May, meaning that even without the filibustering, it would not have become law.

There are also legal questions about whether it would be constitutional for federal lawmakers to enact a nationwide ban. The late Justice Antonin Scalia emphasized in his legal writings on abortion that policy decisions belonged to individual states while expressing skepticism that Congress has the constitutional authority to regulate the procedure. However, Judge Samuel Alito’s draft opinion uses remarkably open language that does not limit the provenance of abortion legislation to state legislators.

Can anti-abortion states prevent women from crossing state lines to get abortions in another state? I am concerned that states may enact more laws that restrict women from leaving the state for an abortion

Anti-abortion state legislators have already expressed an interest in regulating abortion behavior that occurs outside their borders. Perhaps the most aggressive example is a failed bill in Missouri that would have extended its abortion laws to out-of-state abortions if the mother is a resident of Missouri or if “the sexual intercourse occurred within this state and the child may have been conceived.” for that act of intercourse.” That proposal has not moved forward, but there are other examples of this tactic that could move forward in the future. A handful of Texas lawmakers, for example, are calling for penalties for companies that cover the costs of employees traveling out of state for abortions.

The legal authority that state legislators have to go beyond state lines is largely an open question and the subject of an upcoming law review article that provides more information on the relevant precedents.

Is it possible for pro-choice women and men to send abortion pills to women in other states with draconian anti-abortion laws?

US Supreme Court

With medical abortion, a two-pill regimen that ends a pregnancy, becoming the method used in the majority of abortions performed across the country, Republican states have already cracked down on mail-order abortion pills and administering the pills without an in-person visit with a doctor. These state laws began to gain traction after the FDA allowed abortion pills to be mailed in a pandemic-related move that has now been made permanent. If Roe is struck down, medical abortion will be covered by abortion bans and we may see other types of proposals to limit medical abortion.

But how to enforce these restrictions on sending abortion pills through the mail is another question anti-abortion lawmakers are still working on. Texas last year updated its previous ban on mailing abortion pills to make it the type of crime that would warrant extradition. Blue states have responded with measures that would prohibit their state authorities from cooperating with such extradition requests. There are also international sources from which women in anti-abortion states can request a medical abortion.

Here’s What To Wear To Your Vaccination Appointment, According To Experts

Thousands of Americans, including Dolly Parton, are lined up to acquire the COVID-19 vaccine.

In March, the country singer shared a photo of herself getting vaccinated while wearing a glitzy sequin blouse on Twitter. Her shirt, as fashionable as it was, served a practical purpose: Dolly was able to get vaccinated without having to undress or remove any clothes thanks to the cold-shoulder top.

Others, including celebrities like Christie Brinkley and Jennifer Lopez, were inspired by Dolly’s vaccination dress.

A face mask

COVID1 COVID-19 vaccine1

Revolve, a popular online fashion company even created a “vaccine-ready” apparel collection with cut-out and cold-shoulder tops and dresses.

Experts advise that while what you wear to your immunization appointment may not be your top priority, it is something to consider. “Because the vaccination is given in the deltoid muscle of the arm (upper arm), clothing that allows simple access to the upper arm will make it much easier to acquire the vaccine.” Integrated Director of Infection Prevention and Control at MedStar Health in Baltimore, Shawn Mueller, DNP, RN.

To help you prepare for your impending checkup, we’ve compiled a list of vaccination-friendly clothing options, ranging from our favorite face mask to Dolly-inspired cold-shoulder blouses.

It’s probably second nature to grab your face mask on your way out the door at this point. According to the CDC, you should not only wear your mask to your vaccine appointment (most places will demand it), but you should also continue to wear it afterward to be safe. We found the Athleta masks to be the best of all the face masks we’ve evaluated at Reviewed. With its triple-layered structure, they’re breathable and comfy while yet providing plenty of protection.

A sleeveless top for easy access

A face mask

Because the injection site for the COVID-19 vaccination is right below your shoulder, you’ll need to remove your long-sleeved shirt entirely to expose your upper arm if you’re wearing one. A tank top is a fantastic method to be covered while also providing an easy point of entry. For ladies, there are a variety of options, such as the Hanes tank, or something a little more trendy, such as this Miholl tank with thousands of positive ratings. This Baleaf tank is a terrific alternative for your immunization appointment and a great addition to your training wardrobe for guys because of its comfortable fit and sweat-wicking characteristics.

A short-sleeved shirt that you can push up


Not sure if a tank top is right for you? A short-sleeved blouse with sleeves you can simply scrunch up to expose your upper arm is an equally acceptable alternative. Amazon’s in-house brands have plenty of wonderful tees in a variety of styles and colors for both men and women. You can snag a two-pack of Amazon Essentials women’s crewneck tees, which have nearly 20,000 reviews, or this men’s T-shirt from Goodreads, with a convenient pocket and tag-free—i.e., itch-free—neckline.

 A cardigan for layering


Tank tops and short-sleeved shirts are fantastic in principle, but they’re not so great when it’s 30 degrees outside and you’re running late for your appointment. That’s why UCHealth doctors advise wearing layers that can be readily removed when it’s time to get vaccinated, like a cardigan or jacket. Thousands of Amazon customers have commended each of these chunky knit cardigans for being very soft and warm, as well as for fitting easily over additional layers.

A cold-shoulder top that exposes your upper arm


Dolly was on to something when she wore a stylish cold-shoulder top to her vaccination appointment. The cutouts on the top of your arm make it simple for the healthcare provider to reach the right injection site. This Amazon top has hundreds of five-star reviews and is available in plain colors as well as attractive floral motifs, while this best-selling cold-shoulder dress is praised for its airy yet flattering fit.

A loose-fitting shirt that isn’t restrictive

For your immunization visit, not all short-sleeved shirts are created equal. Dr. Janet O’Mahony, a primary care physician at Mercy Medical Center in Baltimore, adds that “tight-fitting T-shirts often won’t go high enough,” adding, “The immunization sites are too public to want to pull the whole shirt off.” The relaxed-fit shirt is here to save the day. This women’s one is very popular on Amazon for its roomy design and plethora of prints and colors to choose from, while this men’s Carhartt tee has over reviews thanks to its comfort and quality.

A fun piece to lighten the mood

Actress Ashlie Atkinson told that getting vaccinated was a big deal for her, which is why she went to her appointment in a floor-length sequin gown. Even if you don’t want to go to those extremes (pun intended), you may still dress up in a fun way to help you relax before the event. Consider this dazzling mask, which has received over 1,400 positive reviews, or this sequin top, which is one-shouldered and vaccine-friendly.

Will post offices Mail CBD gummies from an individual?

In recent years, the popularity of CBD-based products has exploded in the United States. CBD has risen from relative obscurity to rock-star status in the health and wellness industry. That’s fantastic news for anyone considering beginning a CBD-based product business. The CBD market is worth $2.8 billion globally. However, one topic that frequently arises is the legality of transporting CBD in the United States and internationally.

We’ll go over how to transport CBD oil over state lines, the legality of shipping CBD-based products domestically and worldwide, USPS and private shipping company laws, and how to package products properly for mailing in this post.

Is It Legal to Ship CBD Oil?

The short answer is yes, as long as the CBD you’re using is made from hemp. It’s worth noting that CBD can be obtained from the marijuana plant as well. Marijuana, a close relative of hemp, is still prohibited in the United States. THC, a naturally occurring psychotropic ingredient found in both marijuana and hemp plants, cannot be more than 0.3 percent in your CBD products.

The USPS has published thorough instructions on how to send hemp and hemp-based products legally. CBD can be delivered according to USPS regulations if the following two conditions are met:

  1. The mailer conforms with all applicable federal, state, and local regulations regarding to hemp production, processing, distribution, and sales (such as the Agricultural Act of 2014 and the Agricultural Improvement Act of 2018).
  2. For at least two years following the date of sending, the mailer keeps records proving compliance with such legislation, such as laboratory test results, licenses, or compliance reports.

To mail the products, you are unlikely to be requested to produce lab reports or any of the other documents indicated above. However, if there is a concern regarding the item’s mailability or the recipient’s legality to receive it, the regulations say that you may be forced to submit them. Keep these on hand whenever you’re prepared to dispatch a batch of orders since it’s better to be safe than sorry.

Is It Legal to Mail Hemp?

Raw hemp and other hemp-based products are also available from some online vendors. It’s not uncommon for people to wonder how they can lawfully mail these things to their customers. The rules for delivering raw hemp or other hemp-based items through the USPS are the same as for CBD oils and other CBD-based products detailed above. Nothing in your order can contain more than 0.3 percent THC, and you’ll need to have documents on hand to prove you’re operating lawfully. Third-party testing findings confirming the products you’re selling contain less than 0.3 percent THC are an example of paperwork that can be asked.

cbd oil

With UPS and FedEx, you can ship CBD or hemp.

Due to recent USPS service delays, you may want to consider using a private delivery service such as UPS or FedEx to assure on-time deliveries. It’s permissible to send CBD-based products like CBD oils and hemp, as long as the THC concentration is less than 0.3 percent and the items are generated from hemp plants rather than their psychotropic cousin, the marijuana plant.

What is the best way to package and ship CBD oil?

Getting CBD oil or other CBD-based products properly labeled and packed for shipping takes a bit more effort than a typical online purchase. Here’s how to do it properly.

Organize your documents – If asked, have the documentation demonstrating that your items are legally compliant on hand. This paperwork includes items like third-party lab results indicating the product contains less than 0.3 percent THC, as well as items like those outlined in the USPS standards mentioned earlier.

Prepare the products for shipping — If you’re shipping CBD oil, ensure sure it’s properly covered. Wrap the packaging in bubble wrap and place it in a shipping box with packing peanuts. This configuration will offer it the best chance of arriving unharmed at its final destination. If you’re delivering internationally, good packaging is very vital.

Drop off the box or arrange for a pickup — Once your product is packaged, simply drop it off at your local post office or UPS/FedEx location. Alternatively, you can have it picked up at your house or business by your preferred courier.

Is it possible to ship CBD oil internationally?

CBD and other hemp-based products aren’t just popular in the United States; they’re becoming increasingly popular around the world. So, can CBD oil be shipped internationally? The answer is that it depends on where you want to go. Some nations, such as Canada, have strict rules prohibiting the sale of CBD products originating in the United States. Selling CBD products to Canadians legally necessitates a lengthy and complex application process with Health Canada, the country’s licensing agency. Unless you’re dead focused on breaking into the Canadian market, the red tape is likely to exceed any potential advantages.


Other nations, like as the United Kingdom, allow CBD products to be exported from the United States as long as they comply with UK law and contain no more than 1 mg of THC, regardless of container size. CBD products are still prohibited in several countries, such as the United Arab Emirates and Malaysia.

If you plan to sell CBD oil outside of the United States, you must first familiarise yourself with the laws of the nations to which you will be shipping it. Failure to comprehend what is lawful and what is not in other nations might result in fines or even jail time.

CBD Shipping Requirements Understanding and Adhering to Regulations

Selling CBD oils and other hemp-based items online can be a fun and lucrative way to get your internet business off the ground. However, there are certain crucial considerations when sending CBD over state lines and abroad. Knowing and adhering to the rules for lawfully shipping CBD oil and other CBD-based products will help you stay on the right side of the law, saving you time and money in the long run and assuring your company’s success.

1968 Olympic 200m butterfly gold medal winner

Mexico City, Mexico hosted the men’s 200 meters event at the 1968 Summer Olympics. Tommie Smith won the final at a world-record speed of 19.83 seconds. The race is likely best remembered for what happened during the medal ceremony when Smith and bronze medalist John Carlos gave a Black Power salute. The salute’s history, ramifications, and legacy were carried over into the following Olympics, and it is possibly the most remembered event from these games.

The event began on October 15 and ended on October 16. A total of 50 athletes representing 37 countries competed. Since the 1930 Olympic Congress, the maximum number of athletes per nation has been fixed at three. Smith’s victory was the US’s second in a row and their 12th overall. Peter Norman’s bronze medal was Australia’s second in the men’s 200 meters, following Stan Rowley’s bronze 68 years previously.

This was the event’s 15th occurrence; it was not included in the first Olympics in 1896 but has been on the schedule ever since. Edwin Roberts of Trinidad and Tobago, fourth-place finisher Harry Jerome of Canada, and fifth-place finisher (and 1960 gold medallist) Livio Berruti of Italy were three of the eight finalists from the 1964 Games who returned.

Tommie Smith won the AAU championships in 1967 and 1968, while John Carlos won the Pan American Games in 1967 and the U.S. Olympic trials in 1968. (with a time that would have been a world record, but was not ratified because his shoes had too many spikes). Both were widely favored, however they had pondered boycotting the Olympics to protest racial prejudice in the US.


Barbados, British Honduras (Belize), El Salvador, West Germany, Honduras, Nicaragua, Sudan, Tanzania, and the Virgin Islands all made their debuts in the competition. The United States competed in its 15th edition of the 200 meters, making it the only country to have competed in every event to date.

Format of the competition

Heats, quarterfinals, semifinals, and a final were utilized in the competition, which was first held in 1920. In the heats, the “fastest loser” system, which was first employed in 1960, was used once more.

There were seven heats, each with seven or eight racers, with the top four men in each heat, as well as the next four fastest overall, progressing to the quarterfinals. The quarterfinals had four heats of eight athletes apiece, with the four fastest men from each heat progressing to the semifinals. Two semifinals were held, each with eight runners. The top four athletes advanced once again. There were eight runners in the final. On a 400-meter track, the races were held.

New York: after the shooting in the subway, the police in pursuit of the shooter

NEW YORK – New York police set off on Tuesday (April 12) after a man wearing a gas mask wreaked havoc on the subway during the morning rush hour by setting off two smoke devices before opening fire, injuring 23, including ten by a bullet.

“We were really lucky that it wasn’t much more serious,” said New York Police Chief (NYPD) Keechant Sewell, summarizing the authorities’ relief after this attack where the suspect – still on the run 12 hours after the shooting – fired 33 bullets in the subway.

At 8:24 a.m. (2:24 p.m. Paris time), at a time when the metro trains of the megalopolis are crowded, the individual, who was wearing a gas mask, “opened two canisters which let smoke escape in the paddle. He then shot a number of passengers as the train entered the 36th Street station” in south Brooklyn, Keechant Sewell said.

Wounded by bullets, not smoke inhalations or in the stampede

Amateur photos and videos showed pools of blood and people lying on the floor of a train, as well as on the station platform. Among the victims, none of whom were in mortal danger according to the police, ten were shot and thirteen others in the scramble to get out of the metro or because of smoke inhalation.


The suspect was described by police as “a black male” about 1.65m tall, “heavyweight”, and wearing a “green and orange construction vest” and a gray hooded sweatshirt.

The wanted man very critical of the mayor of New York

At the scene, investigators found a handgun and three magazines, as well as a vehicle key that allowed them to trace back to a recently rented and abandoned American rental truck U-Haul in Brooklyn.

The police gave the description and distributed photos of the individual who rented the van, without saying if it was the suspect. According to several media, this man, Frank James, 62, has published various videos on Youtube where he delivers long political tirades, sometimes virulent, and criticizes the mayor of New York Eric Adams.“This is Frank James, a person of interest in this investigation. Any information can be directed to the NYPD.”

“There have been posts that might be related to the person we are interested in, where he mentions homelessness, where he mentions New York, where he mentions Mayor Adams,” the NYPD chief confirmed.

“Looks like it was planned”

In the metro, “I saw a cloud of smoke, I saw people in chaos, lying on the ground, three people on the ground. Immediately, I said to myself that it was necessary to leave”, told AFP a resident of Brooklyn working on the spot, Thurstan Ralph, 34 years old.


According to one of the passengers, Yav Montano, speaking on CNN, “a smoke grenade…a bomb went off, I would say two minutes before we got to the station.”

“It looked like it was planned. We were stuck on the train. There was a lot of blood on the ground”, added this man. Throughout the day, an important security device – firefighters, ambulances, police – was deployed. Several schools have canceled all outings of their students. Visiting Iowa, President Joe Biden promised, “We won’t let go until we find the perpetrator.”

An “epidemic” according to the White House

On Monday, Joe Biden announced measures against some of the firearms proliferating in the United States, which killed 45,000 people in the United States in 2021, including suicides, according to the organization Gun Violence Archive. The White House spoke of an “epidemic”.

Tuesday’s attack came as New York has faced a spike in crime since the Covid-19 pandemic, with the number of homicides rising from 319 in 2019 to 488 in 2021, although the annual toll remains well below the more than 2,000 per year recorded in the early 1990s.

Elected in November on security promises, Democratic mayor and former police officer Eric Adams launched a plan to combat the proliferation of firearms in January, after the death of two police officers shot dead during an intervention.

But other gun dramas often make headlines. “We’re tired of reading the headlines about crime, whether it’s shootings or the loss of a teenage girl or 13-year-old. This must stop,” said New York State Governor Kathy Hochul, referring to several recent victims – including children – of shootings or stray bullets.

Ukraine: Zelensky demands “a firm global response” after the Kramatorsk massacre

This is another Russian war crime for which everyone involved will be held accountable,” Zelensky said in a video message, referring to Friday’s missile strike that killed 52 people, including five children, according to a final report from the local authorities.

“World powers have already condemned Russia’s attack on Kramatorsk. We expect a firm global response to this war crime,” he continued. US President Joe Biden has denounced a “horrible atrocity” committed by Moscow and French diplomacy as a “crime against humanity”.Moscow denied being responsible for the strike, saying it did not have the type of missile that would have been used, before denouncing a Ukrainian “provocation”.

A senior US Department of Defense official dismissed the arguments of the Russian authorities.

“I note that initially, they reported a successful strike and that they retracted only after reports of civilian casualties,” said the official.

The Russian Ministry of Defense had indeed announced earlier Friday that the Russian army had destroyed with high-precision missiles “weapons and other military equipment in the stations of Pokrovsk, Sloviansk, and Barvinkove”, localities all located not far from Kramatorsk, the “capital” of the part of Donbas still under Ukrainian control.

The missile fell around 10:30 a.m. (07:30 GMT), at a time when candidates for evacuation have been gathering for days by the hundreds in the city’s train station to flee Donbas, now a priority objective for the Russian army.

AFP journalists saw at least 30 bodies in body bags or under tarpaulins. The sidewalks were stained with blood, and abandoned suitcases, stuffed animals, and food littered the platforms.

On the forecourt, the remains of a missile were still visible: one could read in Russian “For our children”. A recurring expression of pro-Russian separatists in reference to their children killed since the first Donbas war, which began in 2014.

In the station, a woman, traumatized, was looking for her passport in her abandoned belongings. “I heard like a double explosion, I rushed against the wall to protect myself. I then saw people bleeding into the station, bodies all over the ground, I don’t know if they were injured or dead. The soldiers rushed to tell us to evacuate the station, I left everything here”.

Arrived Friday in Ukraine for a support visit, accompanied by the head of EU diplomacy Josep Borrell, the president of the European Commission Ursula von der Leyen, for her part denounced A “despicable attack”.The two went to Boutcha, near Kyiv, a city symbol of the atrocities of which Russia is accused.

Dozens of corpses wearing civilian clothes, some with their hands tied behind their backs, were discovered in this locality, 30 km from the Ukrainian capital, in early April after the departure of Russian forces.

“I am deeply convinced that Ukraine will win this war, that democracy will win this war,” Ms. von der Leyen then declared in Kyiv, during a joint press conference with Mr. Zelensky. The Austrian Chancellor, Karl Nehammer, must also go to Boutcha on Saturday, as well as to Kyiv.


After withdrawing its troops from the Kyiv region and northern Ukraine, Russia has made the total conquest of Donbass, part of which has been controlled since 2014 by pro-Russian separatists, its priority.

President Vladimir Putin wants to achieve that goal ahead of the May 9 military parade marking the end of World War II, Russia’s biggest celebration, observers note.

And in anticipation of a massive offensive, local authorities in eastern Ukraine are scrambling to evacuate civilians.

In Lozova, about 100 km west of Kramatorsk, about 15,000 people have so far left the town and 50,000 are still there, the head of the military administration said Friday evening on Telegram. regional, Oleg Sinegubov.

Departures are organized by trains and cars, he said, while mentioning fighting taking place “nearby”.

Threatened in turn by strikes, the large port of Odesa, in the south of the Black Sea, will experience a curfew from Saturday evening to Monday morning, local authorities have announced.

New penalties

Following revelations of abuses in Ukraine, Russia was suspended on Thursday by a vote of the UN Human Rights Council and has been the target of new Western economic sanctions, which do not, however, prevent the rouble, the Russian currency, to have regained strength over the past month.

The Russian Central Bank even announced on Friday that it was reauthorizing from April 18 the sale of foreign currencies, which had been suspended at the beginning of March. London has decided to sanction the two daughters of President Putin and that of the head of diplomacy Sergei Lavrov, saying it wants to attack the “lavish lifestyle of the inner circle of the Kremlin”. The EU has also blacklisted the Kremlin leader’s two daughters.

It had already adopted a new set of punitive measures on Thursday evening, including an upcoming halt to imports of Russian coal. This is the very first time that the Europeans have hit the Russian energy sector, on which they are very dependent. Brussels is also planning new sanctions against Russian banks as well as the closure of European ports to Russian ships.

Kyiv is calling for the “immediate” supply of weapons to deal with a new Russian offensive in the East.

The United Kingdom has announced the dispatch of additional anti-tank and anti-aircraft missiles. And Slovakia “donated” Soviet-designed S-300 air defense systems to Kyiv.

In Russia, the Ministry of Justice decided on Friday to close the premises of several reputable human rights NGOs, including Amnesty International and Human Rights Watch. The indirect repercussions of the conflict are also still being felt around the world.

The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations pointed out on Friday that world food prices reached their “highest levels on record” in March, as the war in Ukraine upset grain and oil markets. plants.

Ukraine: Moscow, in the Western viewfinder, focuses on the East

After several sets of measures in response to Moscow’s invasion of Ukraine, the United States must adopt during the day, in coordination with the European Union and the G7, new sanctions against Russia aimed in particular at prohibiting ” any new investment” in this country, according to a source familiar with the matter.

These punitive measures will further include “enhanced sanctions against financial institutions and public companies in Russia, and sanctions against Russian government officials and their relatives”.The situation in Ukraine will also be on the menu of the meeting on Wednesday and Thursday in Brussels of the Foreign Ministers of the NATO countries, who must notably discuss with their Ukrainian counterpart Dmytro Kouleba the needs of the Ukrainian forces.

“I don’t want to give details, but the supply of anti-tank weapons and anti-aircraft defense systems is being considered,” Alliance Secretary-General Jens Stoltenberg said.

NATO only intervenes militarily to defend its members when one of them is attacked or under UN mandate. Ukraine is not a member, and it is, in particular, a possible membership that Russian President Vladimir Putin has put forward to justify the invasion of this former Soviet republic. But nothing prevents the thirty countries of the Alliance from providing assistance.

These new steps against Moscow come the day after another impassioned appeal by Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky, who urged at a meeting of the UN Security Council to act “immediately” against Russia in view of its “crimes of war” committed according to him in Ukraine.

In particular, the Ukrainian president had dramatic images projected before the diplomats showing numerous corpses, according to Kyiv, of civilian victims of abuses, filmed in localities recently evacuated by the Russian army, which is regrouping towards the eastern areas. from the country.

‘Evermore awful’

Pope Francis on Wednesday lambasted “ever more horrible cruelty (including) against civilians, women, and children”.

The Ukrainian authorities say for their part that Boutcha “is not the worst”, fearing the discovery of other massacres. Moscow rejects any accusation of abuses, accusing the Ukrainian authorities of preparing “stagings” of civilians killed in several cities to condemn the Kremlin. But the discovery of victims, particularly in the locality of Boutcha, near Kyiv, created a shock wave and led the European Union and Washington to intensify their economic and diplomatic pressure on Moscow, already targeted by a thick mille-feuille of sanctions decided around the world.

On the ground, Moscow’s new strategy of concentrating efforts on Donbas, a region partly held since 2014 by pro-Russian separatists, continues to be put in place. “The Russian troops will rearm, receive reinforcements in numbers, because they have suffered a lot of losses, and resupply to launch a new, very concentrated offensive in the Donbas region”, warned Mr. Stoltenberg on Tuesday. , evoking “a crucial phase of the war”.

The governor of the Lugansk region, Serguiï Gaïdaï, called on the inhabitants to leave the region: “Evacuate as long as it is safe (…) As long as there are buses and trains, take advantage of this possibility. Yesterday the Russians damaged rail communications in the Donetsk region. The repairs lasted several hours, trains were delayed it is still a signal of danger. Get yourself and your loved ones to safety.”

Along a road linking the town of Izium, recently taken by Russian forces, to the twin towns of Sloviansk and Kramatorsk, capital of Donbas controlled by Kyiv, Ukrainian forces are preparing, noted AFP journalists.


Trenches dug with bulldozers, artillery pieces, and other more or less buried armored vehicles dot the surroundings. The forest, where soft flowerbeds of purple bells herald spring, is riddled with shelters and other camouflaged equipment promising much more sinister showers of fire.

The fortified road is cluttered with anti-tank obstacles. While winter is over, and the soggy black earth limits the progress of tanks in neighboring crops, we must hold the asphalt.

“The Russians are busy, we know they are preparing to attack,” said a senior officer, referring to an increase in Russian helicopter flights over the front.

“We are ready. We have prepared some surprises for them”, comments this robust veteran of the 2014 war, wounded twice, who “almost lost his right leg” and now walks like a guy.

Krasnopillia, with its country houses with enclosures and windows with wooden transoms, is full of soldiers, members of the 95th Airmobile Brigade, an elite unit with the eagle in its emblem. Do they fear the coming Russian hurricane? “You know the story of David and Goliath…”, replies the officer.

Further on, Ukrainian logistics are also targeted, such as this oil depot in Novomoskovsk, near Dnipro, bombed and destroyed by the Russian army overnight from Tuesday to Wednesday, without causing any casualties, according to the authorities. local.

The Russian Ministry of Defense for its part indicated that the Russian forces destroyed with missiles five fuel depots in Novomoskovsk, Radekhov, Kazatine, Prossianaïa, and Mykolaiv. These depots supplied the Ukrainian forces in the regions of Kharkiv and Mykolaiv, as well as in the Donbas.

During the night from Tuesday to Wednesday, Russian airstrikes targeted 24 Ukrainian military sites, including five depots of technical equipment, according to a press release from the ministry.

Tragic Choices

Russian forces are also still seeking to consolidate their positions on the coastal strip along the Sea of ​​Azov in southern Ukraine to connect the Donbas regions to the Crimean Peninsula, annexed by Moscow in 2014.

The fighting is still focused in particular on the large port city of Mariupol, whose mayor described the situation to AFP on Tuesday as having “exceeded the stage of a humanitarian disaster”.

The Russian military said on Tuesday it shot down two Ukrainian helicopters seeking to evacuate leaders of a nationalist battalion defending the besieged port, again calling on the defenders to lay down their arms. Some 120,000 residents are still stuck there, according to the mayor, and the evacuees, after a grueling journey of 200 kilometers, find themselves in reception centers in Zaporizhzhia, inland.

Angela Berg, an energetic 55-year-old woman with short hair, left everything in the hell of Mariupol, including her mother, who was too old to undertake this journey.

“A man armed with a machine gun forced us to lie on the ground in front of our 12-story building, on pieces of broken glass. Then they started shooting at it with tanks, the building caught fire. And the man with the submachine gun was shooting at people who were trying to get out,” she told AFP.

“They didn’t let us collect anything until everything was burned, neither belongings nor documents.” And her voice breaks at the mention of her mother and her invalid sister-in-law whom she had to abandon to save the rest of her family, including her sick 3-month-old granddaughter: “She is the most painful decision I have ever made. I had to choose between my mother and my grandchildren”.

War In Ukraine: The Horror After The Bombs

Citizens of Kyiv who remained in the capital no longer recognize their homes after the shootings

The explosion was huge,” said Alla Rahulina, 64, in tears, whose building was hit early in the morning in a neighborhood near downtown Kyiv. “People were sleeping and shards of glass flew all over the place. I was literally thrown against the wall. »
At least four dead were pulled from the rubble and around 40 were injured on Tuesday at dawn after another of the four strikes that hit residential buildings in the capital in the morning.

Given the escalation of violence, the mayor of Kyiv has announced a 35-hour confinement, until tomorrow. Explosions and aerial sirens were also heard in the night. I ask everyone to be prepared for the fact that they will have to stay at home or, in an emergency, in a shelter, for two days,” said Vitali Klitschko.

Unequivocal Support

Despite this, the deserted city hosted the Polish, Czech and Slovenian prime ministers on Tuesday evening, who had come from Poland by train to meet President Zelensky in the very heart of his country.

They thus intend to “reaffirm the unequivocal support of the whole of the European Union” for Ukraine and present “a vast package of support measures”, Warsaw said. Meanwhile, in Mariupol, about 4,000 cars managed to leave the city, carrying about 20,000 people outside the besieged city.Gasoline being a rare commodity, several of them were immobilized along the way, ”told the New York Times Anastasia Kushnir, 21, who finally managed to save herself with her family.

“There was heavy shelling, but we got through it,” she said after five hours on a journey that normally takes 30 minutes. The bodies simply rest where they died. There are a huge number of them. But 350,000 civilians remain trapped, holed up in basements and deprived of everything, according to a member of the city council.

So far, more than three million Ukrainians have fled abroad, including nearly 1.4 million children. This equates to “virtually one child per second”, estimated UNICEF. On Monday, we counted 22 planes bombing our city, and at least 100 bombs they used […] The damage is appalling,” said Sergei Orlov, deputy mayor of Mariupol. The Ukrainian army has also destroyed at least three Russian helicopters in Kherson, in the south, the most destructive strike of its kind so far according to CNN.

Hostage Intensive Care

Russian forces have also taken hostage the main intensive care hospital in the region, holding against their will nearly 400 patients and doctors, said the region’s senior official, Pavlo Kyrylenko. Just in Kharkiv, where the bombs continue to rain down up to 65 times a day, 600 residential buildings have been burned down, according to CNN.

Russian-Ukrainian Talks Are Due To Continue On Wednesday.

“The positions in the negotiations seem more realistic. However, even more time is needed for decisions to be in Ukraine’s interest,” Volodymyr Zelensky, President of Ukraine, said on Tuesday evening.

In Chile, Gabriel Boric Begins An Ambitious Presidential Mandate!

Gabriel Boric was officially sworn in as President of Chile on March 11, 2022

At the head of a government composed mainly of women, leaving ample room for independent political figures, Gabriel Boric became Friday, at 36, the youngest president in the history of Chile. He now has four years to fulfill his campaign promises of a more protective state in a very unequal country. He carries on his shoulders the weight of the anger of the social movement of 2019 and embodies the hope of a new, more egalitarian economic model: Gabriel Boric, 36, assumed, on Friday, March 11, a delicate transfer of power in Chile, the most scrutinized since the return of democracy in 1990.

In a Chile “cradle of neoliberalism in Latin America”, the new president, elected in December against the far right at the head of a left-wing coalition including the Communist Party, promised that it will also be “his tomb”.

This former president of the Federation of University of Chile Students (FECH) dreams of setting up a welfare state to help the indebted middle classes and to lift Chile from the bottom of the ranking of most of the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD).

He promised a major tax reform to involve the richest in his program of better access to health, education, and the creation of a new pension system, now entirely private.

But his desire for sweeping changes to Chile’s neoliberal economic model will be met with near-zero growth by 2023 and a parliament that is not entirely on his side, even if it pledges “more than social rights while remaining fiscally responsible”.

A majority-female government

To carry out his plan forged on the benches of the faculty of law and at the head of the student demonstrations of 2011 “for a free and quality education”, Gabriel Boric surrounded himself with his faithful companions in struggle: Camila Vallejo, 33, the new government spokesperson, and Giorgio Jackson, 35, appointed Minister for Relations with Parliament.

Its 42-year-old government, mostly female (14 women out of 24 ministers), has a third of independents, including the key Minister of Economy and Finance, the respected former President of the Central Bank Mario Marcel, 62 years old. The announcement of his appointment reassured the markets which had plummeted the day after the presidential election.

The sovereign positions of Justice, Interior, and Defense will all be headed by women.

The symbolic significance of the appointment to Defense of Maya Fernandez, 50, granddaughter of former socialist president Salvador Allende (1970-1973) overthrown by General Pinochet, is immense. She intends to close a little more the years of dictatorship reinvigorated by the accession to the second round of José Antonio Kast, openly admirer of Pinochet.

A former domestic worker turned trade unionist, Luz Vidal, 48, will be the new deputy minister for women and gender equality, an equally symbolic appointment in a country marked by social inequality where 1% of Chileans own 25 % of the wealth, according to a UN agency.

Limited Political Experience

This crowning achievement of a generational change in Chilean politics, Gabriel Boric says he wanted it by composing a “team of ministers led by people of diverse origins and backgrounds, a government with a majority of women (…) , intergenerational, with a plurality of politics and points of view”.

The realization of its program could be facilitated by the arrival of a new Constitution if it is validated by referendum. Currently being drafted by an elected Constituent Assembly, it is to replace that drawn up under the dictatorship of Augusto Pinochet (1973-1990). It was one of the main demands of the social uprising of 2019, of which Gabriel Boric is today the political heir and whose expectations he must now meet. Other challenges await the “green government” that Gabriel Boric announced in mid-January to an audience of business leaders. Issues of public safety, illegal migration, and tensions with indigenous communities have dragged on for more than a decade and, for the most part, have worsened.

Themes that can paralyze the dynamic on which this beginning of the term of office is based under the sign of the hope aroused by the youth of Gabriel Boric, tempered however by his limited political experience. Because the former trade unionist only served two terms as a deputy, between 2013 and 2021.